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            如何提高英文閱讀速度與質量! (學習方法)

            2018-07-11 查查英語社

                      

            1. Read only the first sentence of a paragraph.


            If your author is a good author, he or she will begin each paragraph with a key statement that tells you what that paragraph is about. By reading only the first sentence, you can determine if the paragraph has information you need to know.

            如果作者夠水準的話,他/她在每段的開頭都會交代一下該段所的大概內容。只要讀每段的第一句話,你就能夠判斷出該段有沒有你想了解的信息了。


            If you're reading literature, this still applies, but know that you may miss details that enrichthe story. When the language in literature is artful, I would choose to read every word.

            如果你讀的是文學作品的話,這個方法依然適用。不過要知道,這樣的話你可能會錯過很多用于豐富故事的細節。如果所讀的文學作品妙語連珠的話,我會選擇逐字逐句地拜讀。


            2. Skip to the last sentence of the paragraph.


            The last sentence in a paragraph should also contain clues for you about the importance of the material covered. A last sentence often serves two functions -- it wraps up the thought expressed and provides a connection to the next paragraph.

            一段的最后一句話也應該會包含有關這段材料的重要性的線索。段末一句話一般來說有2個功能-總結一下所表達的思想;為下一段作過渡。


            3. Read phrases.


            When you've skimmedfirst and last sentences and determined the paragraph is worth reading, you still don't need to read every word. Move your eyes quickly over each line and look for phrases and key words. Your mind will automaticallyfill in the words between.

            當瀏覽過段首及段末的兩句話后,如果你覺得這段內容值得你去讀,你也不必逐字通讀。眼睛快速掃描每行文字,尋找詞組和關鍵詞。你的大腦會自動幫你補全那些跳過的文字的。


            4. Ignore the little words.


            Ignore the little words like it, to, a, an, and, be -- you know the ones. You don't need them. Your brain will see these little words without acknowledgment.

            忽略諸如it,to,a,an,and,be等“小詞”-這些詞你太熟悉了。(在閱讀過程中,)你并不需要他們。你的大腦會自動識別這些小詞的。


            5. Look for key points.


            Look for key points while you're reading for phrases. You're probably already aware of the key words in the subject you're studying. They'll pop out at you. Spend a little more time with the material around those key points.

            在以詞組為單位進行閱讀時,注意尋找要點。有關于文章中研究對象的關鍵詞,可能你在事先已做到心中有數了。在閱讀過程中,這些關鍵詞會在你眼前跳出來。多花點時間在那些要點附近的材料上。


            6. Mark key thoughts in the margins.


            I know you were taught not to write in your books, and some books should be kept pristine, but a textbook is for studying. Mark key thoughts in the margins. If it makes you feel better, use a pencil. Even better, buy a packet of those little stickie tabs and slap one on the page with a short note.When it's time to review, simply read through your tabs.

            我知道,大家從小就被教導不要往書上亂寫。對于有些書應該是這樣的,但教科書是用來學習的,可以在空白的地方記下一些重要的想法和心得。如果能讓 你感覺更舒服的話,你可以用鉛筆來記,更可以買些可粘貼的小便簽,在上面記些短小的筆記,然后貼到書頁上。到復習的時候,只要瀏覽一遍你的便簽便可。

            If you're renting your textbooks, make sure you understand the rules.

            如果你的教科書是借來的,一定要懂規矩哦。


            7. Use all the tools provided -- lists, bullets, sidebars.


            Use all the tools the author provides -- lists, bullets, sidebars, anything extra in the margins. Authors usually pull out key points for special treatment. They're clues to important information. Use them all. Besides, lists are usually easier to remember.

            對于作者使用的寫作表現形式(如列表,文字前面作為強調的圓形符號,欄框等所有在空白處額外體現的東西),要加以充分利用。作者通常會把關鍵點拎出來加以特別處理。這些表現形式都是尋找重要信息的線索,一定要充分利用。此外,列表也通常更容易記。


            8. Take notes for practice tests.


            When you read something you know will show up on a test, write it down in the form of a question. Note the page number beside it so you can check your answers if necessary.

            當讀到一些你認為會在考試中出現的知識點時,把它以問題的形式記下來。在問題邊上寫下答案所在的頁碼,以便在必要時查看答案。

            Keep a list of these key questions and you'll have written your own practice test.

            把這些重要問題列在一起,你就可以進行自我??剂?。


            9. Read with good posture.


            Reading with good posture helps you read longer and stay awake longer. Give your body a break. Sit in a healthy way and you'll last a lot longer.

            閱讀時保持一個良好的姿勢能夠讓你更長時間地,清醒地進行閱讀。讓你的身體放松,保持健康的坐姿,你便能更長時間地看書了。

            Much as I love to read in bed, it puts me to sleep. If reading puts you to sleep, too, don't read lying down.

            我雖然喜歡躺在床上看書,但這也總是令我很快陷入昏昏欲睡的境地。如果你也是這樣的話,那就不要躺著看書了。


            10. Practice, practice, practice.


            Reading fast takes practice, practice, practice. Practice makes all the difference.

            要實現閱讀速讀的提高,你必須進行一而再,再而三的反復實踐練習。熟能生巧,實踐出真知。


                                 

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