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            像當地人一樣吃飯:盤點10個國家的餐廳禮儀 (雙語)

            2019-02-16 查查英語社

            不同國家有不同的風俗,在餐桌禮儀上更是如此。有些用餐習慣在一個國家可能是文明的,在另一個國家卻可能被視作野蠻行為。

            比如說,在德國,不要用刀切土豆,而應該直接用叉子叉著吃;在日本,不要把筷子插在飯上面;在韓國,不要單手接菜,而要用雙手接。

            來看看世界各國還有哪些值得注意的餐廳禮儀。

             

            愛爾蘭:在酒吧要請同行的人喝一杯

            Insider網站截圖

             

            It's considered courteous to go to the bar to bring back drinks for your entire table. Generally, everyone in the group should get up to offer up a round at some point whether you're asked to or not.

            在愛爾蘭的酒吧,給同桌的所有人買酒是一種禮節。通常一起喝酒的每個人都要請大家喝一杯,無論人家有沒有要求。

             

            意大利:在餐廳主動索要調味品很失禮

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            In Italy, it's sometimes considered rude to ask for anything that isn't explicitly offered to you while dining out, according to Revealed Rome.

            據“揭秘羅馬”網站介紹,在意大利外出就餐時,主動索要任何餐廳沒有提供的東西都很失禮。

             

            葡萄牙:索要鹽和辣椒是對廚師的侮辱

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            It's OK to add a little extra salt or pepper to your plate as long as the condiments are already on the table. But according to Lonely Planet's "Portugal Travel Guide," asking a server to bring you salt and pepper is considered an offense to the chef's seasoning skills.

            在葡萄牙的餐廳,只要桌上有鹽和辣椒你可以隨便用。但是根據《孤獨星球》的《葡萄牙旅行指南》,請服務員給你拿鹽和辣椒是對廚師調味技巧的侮辱。

             

            日本:吃飯吧唧嘴是對廚師的尊重

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            In some countries like the US, it can be considered rude to make sounds when you chew or swallow your food. But in Japan, it's a way to show your server or chef that you enjoyed the meal, according to TripSavvy.

            在美國等國家,咀嚼和吞咽食物時發出聲音被視為粗魯的行為。但TripSavvy網站指出,在日本,吧唧嘴是向服務員或廚師表示,你吃得很愉快。

             

            法國:盡量避免AA制

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            When in France, splitting the bill with fellow diners should be avoided when possible. You're expected to offer to pay the entire bill or someone else is expected to do so. Of course, according to French Today, there are some instances where splitting the bill is OK, like when dining out with a large group of people or with coworkers.

            在法國外出就餐時,應盡量避免AA制。要么你買單,要么其他人買單。根據《今日法國》雜志,在某些情況下也是可以AA制的,比如和一大群人或和同事一起出去吃飯時。

             

            哥倫比亞:把菜吃光光會讓主人面上無光

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            If you're used to cleaning your plate, you might want to consider not doing so when dining in Colombia. It's considered rude to leave an empty plate because it's as if you're telling your host that he or she didn't give you enough food.

            如果你習慣于“光盤”,那么在哥倫比亞你最好不要這么做。把菜吃光光就等于在告訴主人準備的飯菜不夠吃,顯得很無禮。

             

            中國:給魚翻面不吉利

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            In some parts of China, when you reach bone while eating one side of a fish, you must not flip the fish to continue eating. It is said that doing so symbolizes the capsizing of a fishing boat, according to Culinary Lore. Instead, you should remove the bone and continue eating.

            在中國的一些地區,吃完魚的一面后,不能將魚翻個面繼續吃。據“烹飪傳說”網站透露,給魚翻面象征著漁船翻船。應該把魚骨移除,再繼續吃。

            capsize['k?psa?z]: vt. 傾覆(特指船)

             

            澳大利亞:吃飯時不要談生意

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            In Australia, people typically prefer not to discuss business matters over a meal, according to Etiquette Scholar. Of course, it depends on the person or group you're with, but you should pay attention to any cues from your fellow dining companions for good measure.

            根據“禮儀學者”網站,在澳大利亞,人們通常不在吃飯時談生意。當然,這也取決于一起吃飯的人是誰,除此以外,你還應察言觀色,相時而動。

            for good measure: 作為額外增添;另外

             

            哈薩克斯坦:倒茶只倒半杯

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            In America, it's pretty typical to get annoyed when your barista doesn't fill your cup all the up. But in Kazakhstan, it'll actually leave you satisfied since it is a good sign. According to Every Culture, half-filled cups are meant to keep your tea warm since your host will continuously fill your cup as a way to keep the interaction going.

            在美國,如果咖啡師不給你倒上滿滿一杯,你大概會很不爽。但是在哈薩克斯坦,這反而會讓你滿意,因為這是個好跡象。根據“每種文化”網站,只倒半杯是為了讓你喝熱茶,主人會一直幫你續杯,以便和你繼續交流。

            If your host or server were to fill your cup with tea, however, it is a sign that they might want you to leave, according to Commisceo Global.

            Commisceo Global網站指出,如果主人或服務員給你倒了滿滿一大杯茶,意味著他們想讓你離開。

             

            格魯吉亞:在敬酒時一飲而盡

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            If you ever find yourself at a supra, which is a traditional Georgian feast, you should avoid sipping your wine. According to Georgian Journal, you should instead wait for the toast and then drink the entire glass.

            如果你參加格魯吉亞的傳統宴席薩普拉,你應該避免小口喝酒。據《格魯吉亞周報》記載,你應該等敬酒的時候再一飲而盡。

             來源:英語點津






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