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            研究發現:你喜歡的音樂類型可以反映你的性格和智商?。p語)

            2018-07-11 查查英語社

            你知道智商高的人喜歡聽什么音樂嗎?什么樣的人喜歡爵士樂?和你一樣喜歡流行樂的人又是什么性格?研究人員發現,一個人的音樂品味可以透露出大量個人信息,包括性格、智商、政治傾向,甚至還包括經濟狀況。


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            Whether you prefer sophisticated or simple music could reveal a lot about your personality.

            你對復雜音樂或者簡單音樂的喜好可以透露關于你性格的大量信息。

            If you like simple acoustic tunes, you are likely to be talkative and energetic, and if you're an opera lover then you're probably insightful and imaginative.

            如果你喜歡簡單的原聲音樂,你可能健談又精力旺盛,如果是你熱愛歌劇,你很可能富有洞察力和想象力。

            That's according to two major studies conducted by psychologists from Cambridge University that have revealed the relationship between music and personality.

            劍橋大學心理學家開展的兩項大型研究揭示出音樂和性格間的關系。

            In online studies, more than 20,000 participants were presented with 25 unfamiliar musical extracts over different genres.

            接受在線調查的2萬多名參與者聽了25個不熟悉的不同類型的音樂節選片段。

            They also filled in surveys to assess their personality type - including openness, extroversion, agreeableness, neuroticism and conscientiousness.

            他們還填寫了評估性格類型的調查問卷,包括開放型、外向型、隨和型、神經質型和盡責型。

            The team, led by Dr Jason Rentfrow, at Fitzwilliam College, Cambridge found two main trends.

            劍橋大學菲茨威廉學院的杰森·倫特弗洛博士帶領的研究團隊發現了兩個主要趨勢。

            According to the study 'open' personalities liked 'sophisticated' music over tunes that were mellow.

            研究發現,開放型的人喜歡復雜的音樂,而非柔和的音樂。

            This may be because people who score highly for openness like to learn new things.

            這也許是因為開放型的人更喜歡學習新事物。

            Extroverts preferred 'unpretentious' music categorised that were relaxing and acoustic.

            外向的人更喜歡讓人放松的樸實的原聲音樂。

            The study also found agreeable people tended to give all the music clips higher scores, while neurotics marked more harshly, according to the Telegraph.

            據《每日電訊報》報道,研究還發現,隨和的人一般會給所有音樂片段打高分,而神經質的人一般打分更苛刻。

            David Greenberg, a psychologist at the University of Cambridge, said those who have a well-developed ability to understand thoughts and feelings in themselves and others, so-called 'empathisers', prefer mellow music that evokes deep emotion.

            劍橋大學心理學家戴維·格林伯格說,那些善于理解自己和他人想法和感情的“有同理心的人”更喜歡可以喚起內心深處情感的柔和音樂。

            People who can identify patterns and systems, known as 'systemisers', prefer intense music that forms complex sounds.

            能夠識別音樂模式和體系的“系統化的人”更喜歡激烈而復雜的復合聲樂。

            The theory, he explained, is that empathisers are interested in music's emotional qualities and how it makes them feel, whereas systemisers are more intrigued by its structural qualities.

            格林伯格解釋這一理論時說,“有同理心的人”對音樂的感染力和喚起的情感更感興趣,而“系統化的人”認為音樂的結構特征更有吸引力。


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            The researchers found that people who prefer reflective and complex music like blues, classical and jazz score highly on openness to experience, and see themselves as politically liberal, intelligent and not very athletic.

            研究人員發現,喜歡藍調音樂、古典音樂和爵士樂等令人深思的復雜音樂的人在“經驗開放性”方面得分很高,而且自認為政治立場自由、智商高但不善于運動。

            Those who preferred heavy metal and alternative music were similar to jazz-lovers, but more likely to think of themselves as athletic.

            那些喜歡重金屬音樂和另類音樂的人與喜歡爵士樂的人相似,但更多地自認為善于運動。

            They found that fans of upbeat music like country, pop and soundtracks, on the other hand, tended to have low scores for openness to experience and intelligence.

            與此同時,研究人員還發現,喜歡鄉村音樂、流行音樂和配樂等歡快音樂的人一般經驗開放性和智商的得分都較低。

            They were more likely to be agreeable, extroverted and conscientious and see themselves as attractive, wealthy, athletic and politically conservative.

            這些人更可能是隨和、外向、富有責任心的人,而且自認為有魅力、富有、善于運動、政治立場保守。

            Finally, people who prefer energetic and rhythmic music were also extroverted, agreeable, attractive and athletic, but they did not share the political inclination, wealth or lower intelligence scores as lovers of upbeat music.

            該研究還發現,喜歡有活力的、節奏感強的音樂的人比較外向、隨和、有魅力、善于運動,但他們的政治傾向、經濟狀況與喜歡歡快音樂的人不同,智商也不會偏低。

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